Supreme Court rendered a crucial decision in the case of Griggs v. Four years after Griggs, the Court reaffirmed its support for the disparate impact approach in Albemarle Paper Company v. Nevertheless, a year later in Washington v. The Court held that to establish a constitutional claim of unequal treatment as opposed to a statutory claim of discrimination under Title VIIthere had to be a showing of intent to discriminate, not simply a showing of disparate impact.
And for the past three weeks, the group Students for Fair Admissions has argued that the Ivy League school discriminates against Asian-American applicants. In a court filing, conservative advocates called Harvard's race-sensitive admissions process "racially and ethnically discriminatory.
But what do Americans think of affirmative action? It depends on how you ask the question.
Sixty percent of adult Americans surveyed by Gallup in said they generally favor affirmative action programs for racial minorities. But 70 percent said that they believe college applicants should be judged solely on merit and that racial and ethnic background should not be considered even if doing so means that fewer minority students are admitted.
The findings suggest that Americans broadly support the idea of affirmative action but oppose preferential treatment for minorities in college admissions. It's likely that conclusion hasn't changed sincesaid Frank Newport, editor-in-chief of Gallup. Gallup asked Americans about affirmative action in previous years and received similar replies each time, Newport said.
The public's opinion differs from the position of more than a dozen elite colleges that signed a friend of the court brief in favor of Harvard. One of those schools was Brown University.
Christina Paxson, the college's president, said taking race out of the admissions equation would make it difficult for competitive schools to enroll a racially diverse class, she said. About half of Republicans and people who lean Republican believe affirmative action programs designed to increase racial diversity "are a good thing," according to a Pew Research Center poll.
Nonwhite Americans are more likely to support affirmative action than white Americans, according to a report from the American Enterprise Institutea conservative think tank.
It's not unusual for Americans to support a policy in general but disagree when it comes to the specific application of that policy, Newport said. Harvard's admissions process, for example, can be "hard for anybody to understand," he said.
Like other highly selective universities, Harvard uses a holistic admissions process, which is evaluating a candidate's life experience and background in addition to grades and test scores, according to its website.
Brown University also uses a holistic admissions strategy. Paxson said it can be difficult for her admissions team to pick from a pool of applicants with strong grades, test scores, essays and recommendations.
Adding in holistic admissions factors — like military service, hometown, first-generation status and race — allows Brown to create communities in which "you have people who are different from each other," Paxson said.
Peter Wood, president of the National Association of Scholars, said the words "affirmative action" may have two different meanings for people surveyed. Some may see it as "an attempt to achieve racial fairness" for people from historically oppressed groups, while others may view it as "gross unfairness" and help for people who "have never been subject to any significant amount of racial animus.
His group is backing Students for Fair Admissions in its lawsuit.Both sides in a lawsuit alleging that Harvard University’s affirmative action policies discriminate against Asian American applicants are asking the court to rule in their favor without a trial.
Affirmative Action "Affirmative action was originally designed to help minorities, but women-especially white women-have made the greatest gains as a result of these programs"(Gross, ). Affirmative action is a growing argument among our society.
It is multifaceted and very often defined vaguely. affirmative action to avoid all vestiges of discrimination in its personnel policies, procedures and actions, and it intends that all college employees and all citizens .
Find an answer to your question Affirmative action policies were originally designed to _____. A. make sure a certain number of minorities were hired for jobs. /5(10). Affirmative action generally means giving preferential treatment to minorities in admission to universities or employment in government & businesses.
The policies were originally developed to correct decades of discrimination and to give disadvantaged minorities a boost.
Originally published on November 1, pm believe affirmative action programs designed to increase racial diversity "are a good thing," according to a Pew Research Center poll.