Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search.
The "Aryan" in this context means " Iranian ". The word Aryan was therefore adopted to refer not only to the Indo-Iranian peoplesbut also to native Indo-European speakers as a whole, including the RomansGreeksand the Germans. It was soon recognised that BaltsCeltsand Slavs also belonged to the same group.
It was argued that all of these languages originated from a common root — now known as Proto-Indo-European — spoken by an ancient people who were thought of as ancestors of the EuropeanIranianand Indo-Aryan peoples. This usage was common among knowledgeable authors writing in the late 19th and early 20th century.
An example of this usage appears in The Outline of Historya bestselling work by H. Inin A Short History of the WorldWells depicted a highly diverse group of various "Aryan peoples" learning "methods of civilization" and then, by means of different uncoordinated movements that Wells believed were part of a larger dialectical rhythm of conflict between settled civilizations and nomadic invaders that also encompassed Aegean and Mongol peoples inter alia, "subjugat[ing]" — "in form" but not in "ideas and methods" — "the whole ancient world, Semitic, Aegean and Egyptian alike".
Even Max Muellera linguist who wrote in that "an ethnologist who speaks of Aryan race, Aryan blood, Aryan eyes and hair, is as great a sinner as a linguist who speaks of a dolichocephalic dictionary or a brachycephalic grammar",  was on occasion guilty of using the term "Aryan race".
Scientific racism In the context of 19th-century physical anthropology and scientific racismthe term "Aryan race" has been misapplied to all people descended from the Proto-Indo-Europeans — a subgroup of the Europidor " Caucasian " race,   in addition to the Indo-Iranians who are the only people known to have used Arya as an endonym in ancient times.
|West-central Africa||While census collection of ethnic background is illegal in Franceit is estimated that there are about 2. The Netherlands also has sizable Cape Verdean and other African communities.|
|Culture areas||History Bantu Migration and Settlement Bantu is a term used in different contexts to mean different things. This document is confined to the Bantu as a major linguistic group in Africa whose existence is in record up to about years ago.|
In his Lectures on the Science of Language Muller referred to Aryans as a "race of people". At the time, the term race had the meaning of "a group of tribes or peoples, an ethnic group".
I must repeat what I have said many times before, it would be wrong to speak of Aryan blood as of dolichocephalic grammar". The word Aryan was consequently used even more restrictively — and even less in keeping with its Indo-Iranian origins — to mean " Germanic ", "Nordic" or Northern Europeans.
He argued that the long-headed " dolichocephalic -blond" Europeans, characteristically found in northern Europe, were natural leaders, destined to rule over more " brachiocephalic " short headed peoples. This idea was widely circulated in both intellectual and popular culture by the early twentieth century,  and is reflected in the concept of " Corded-Nordics " in Carleton S.
Coon 's The Races of Europe. In Germany, Rudolf Virchow launched a study of craniometrywhich prompted him to denounce "Nordic mysticism" in the Anthropology Congress in Karlsruhewhile Josef Kollmanna collaborator of Virchow, stated in the same congress that the people of Europe, be they English, German, French, and Spaniard belonged to a "mixture of various races," furthermore declaring that the "results of craniology Houston Stewart Chamberlaina strong supporter of the theory of a superior Aryan race or Germanic race, attacked Josef Kollmann arguments in detail.
While the "Aryan race" theory remained popular, particularly in Germany, some authors defended Virchow's perspective, in particular Otto SchraderRudolph von Jhering and the ethnologist Robert Hartmann —who proposed to ban the notion of "Aryan" from anthropology.
Blavatsky and Henry Steel Olcotta lawyer, agricultural expert, and journalist who covered the Spiritualist phenomena. Root race The Theosophical movement, founded by Helena Blavatsky and Henry Olcott at the end of the nineteenth century, took inspiration from Indian culture, in this case, perhaps, from the Hindu reform movement the Arya Samaj founded by Swami Dayananda.
Blavatsky argued that humanity had descended from a series of "root races", naming the fifth root race out of seven the Aryan race. She thought that the Aryans originally came from Atlantis and described the Aryan races with the following words: The Aryan races, for instance, now varying from dark brown, almost black, red-brown-yellow, down to the whitest creamy colour, are yet all of one and the same stock — the Fifth Root-Race — and spring from one single progenitor, However, she also claimed that there were modern non-Aryan peoples who were inferior to Aryans.
She regularly contrasts "Aryan" with " Semitic " culture, to the detriment of the latter, asserting that Semitic peoples are an offshoot of Aryans who have become "degenerate in spirituality and perfected in materiality.
These latter include "the Tasmanians, a portion of the Australians and a mountain tribe in China". There are also "considerable numbers of the mixed Lemuro-Atlantean peoples produced by various crossings with such semi-human stocks — e.
The intellectual difference between the Aryan and other civilized nations and such savages as the South Sea Islandersis inexplicable on any other grounds. No amount of culture, nor generations of training amid civilization, could raise such human specimens as the Bushmenthe Veddhas of Ceylonand some African tribesto the same intellectual level as the Aryans, the Semitesand the Turanians so called.
The 'sacred spark' is missing in them and it is they who are the only inferior races on the globe, now happily — owing to the wise adjustment of nature which ever works in that direction — fast dying out.
Verily mankind is 'of one blood,' but not of the same essence. We are the hot-house, artificially quickened plants in nature, having in us a spark, which in them is latent. The Vedas countenance no idols; all the modern Hindu writings do. Thus will mankind, race after race, perform its appointed cycle-pilgrimage.
Climates will, and have already begun, to change, each tropical year after the other dropping one sub-race, but only to beget another higher race on the ascending cycle; while a series of other less favoured groups — the failures of nature — will, like some individual men, vanish from the human family without even leaving a trace behind.
It is believed by Theosophists that the Arabians, although asserted in traditional Theosophy to be of Aryan i. They migrated first to Somalia and then later to Egyptwhere they lived until the time of Moses.In Africa, people from around different ethnic backgrounds speak a common Bantu language and are hence, loosely termed as Bantu people.
These languages are a branch of the Niger-Congo language families and are some of the most widely used languages in Africa. language, culture, and race, perhaps because of the historical association with the Arab world and in particular with Egypt. For the history of Arab assimilation, see Yusif Fadl Hasan, The Arabs and the Sudan (Edinburgh University Press, ), p Zhou Dynasty Essay Examples.
6 total results. The Great Wall of China a Living Testament of Time 1 page. An Examination of Confucianism. words.
1 page. The Origin and History of Confucianism. words. 1 page. The Zhou Dynasty. 3, words. 7 pages. An Introduction to the History of Bantu; A Particular Race Comprising of People with.
The Aryan race is a racial grouping that emerged in the period of the late 19th century and midth century to describe people of Indo-European heritage.. It derives from the idea that the original speakers of the Indo-European languages and their descendants up to the present day constitute a distinctive race or subrace of the Caucasian race.
“Bantu in the Crystal Ball.” History in Africa 6 (): – This two-part article details a history of studies of the Bantu Expansion from the 19th century through the late 20th century (s) across several disciplines (the first part focuses on linguistics while the second draws in archaeology).
Race and Skin Color Here is a basic principle that underlies such questions. From the records over recent centuries of systematically recording and investigating information about the world's peoples, it is now known that there is no consistent relationship of skin color to "race.".