Archaic period in Greece Dipylon Vase of the late Geometric period, or the beginning of the Archaic period, c. In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabetmodifying it to create the Greek alphabet.
At Ancient greek city states center of each city-state was a powerful city. The city ruled the lands and area around it. Sometimes it also ruled smaller less-powerful cities. The Greek name for a city-state was "polis".
Each city-state, or polis, had its own government.
Some city states were monarchies ruled by kings or tyrants. Others were oligarchies ruled by a few powerful men on councils. The city of Athens invented the government of democracy and was ruled by the people for many years. The two most powerful and famous city-states were Athens and Spartabut there were other important and influential city-states in the history of Ancient Greece.
Here are a few examples: Corinth Corinth was a trade city in an ideal location that allowed it to have two seaports, one on the Saronic Gulf and one on the Corinthian Gulf.
As a result, the city was one of the wealthiest cities in Ancient Greece. The Corinthians developed their own coins and required that traders use them when in their city.
Corinth is perhaps most famous for its architecture. The Corinthians developed the Corinthian order of Greek architecture which is the third major form of classical Greek architecture along with the Doric and Ionic.
The government of Corinth was a monarchy ruled by a king. Corinth provided soldiers to the Greeks during the Persian Wars. They also allied with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War. Thebes Thebes was a powerful city-state to the north of Corinth and Athens that was constantly switching sides in the various Greek wars.
During different times in history they allied with Athens against Sparta and then switched sides to ally with Sparta against Athens.
This put an end to the power of the Spartan city-state and set many of the Spartan slaves free. Thebes was famous in Greek legend and literature as well.
It is known as the birthplace of the Greek hero Hercules and played a major role in the stories of Oedipus and Dionysus. Also, perhaps the most famous Greek poet of the time, Pindar, lived in Thebes.
Argos Argos was one of the oldest city-states in Ancient Greece, but it first became a major power under the tyrant Pheidon during the 7th century BC. The land became dry and arid after the gods Hera and Poseidon had an argument over the city.
Hera won and became the patron of the city, but Poseidon got his revenge by drying out the land. Delphi Delphi was the religious center of the Greek city-states.
People from all over Ancient Greece visited the city to receive guidance from the famous Delphic oracle Pythia. During the classical Greek period the city became the shrine to the god Apollo after he slew the Python.
Delphi was also a center of the arts, education, literature, and trade. Located in the center of Greece, it was often called the "navel center of the world".
Delphi was also home to the Pythian Games, one of the most famous athletic competitions in early Greece. Rhodes The city-state of Rhodes was formed in BC on a Greek island when three smaller cities Ialyssos, Kamiros, and Lindos decided to unite and make one large city. The city was prosperous for hundreds of years due to its prime location as a trade port.
The city was famous for its shipbuilders as well as its giant statue called the Colossus of Rhodes. It was a statue of the Greek Titan Helios and it stood over feet high. Interesting Facts about the Greek City-State People living in Ancient Greece did not think of themselves as "Greek", but as citizens of their city-state.
For example, people from Corinth considered themselves Corinthians and people from Sparta considered themselves Spartans. The Michigan State University mascot is the Spartan.From antiquity until the nineteenth century, there have been two types of state: macro-states, each dotted with a number of cities, and regions broken up into city-states, each consisting of an urban center and its hinterland.
What made Greek city-states pull together to fight such a mighty empire? When it was over, why did Athens and Sparta fight against each other in the Peloponnesian War?
Find out more about ancient Greek wars, military strategies, and weaponry on this informative webpage from .
The Poli. Ancient Greece was not a unified nation, but a collection of city-states known as benjaminpohle.com is the plural of polis. Polis is often translated as city, but there was a very important difference between an ancient Greek polis and a modern city.
At one time in ancient Greek history, there were nearly 1, city-states on the Greek peninsula! To understand a city-state, think of the United States if there was no president, no Congress, no Washington DC, no federal laws that applied to all the people, only individual states.
Political activity and political thinking began in the cities and other states of ancient Greece, and terms such as tyranny, aristocracy, oligarchy, democracy and politics itself are Greek words for concepts first discussed in Greece.
The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. About The capital and largest city of Greece.
Known in Greek as Sparti. The city lies at the southern end of.