Jukka Sundvall Cognitive Science Unit, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Utilitarian versus deontological inclinations have been studied extensively in the field of moral psychology.
These are associated with morality. In fact, they are two different schools of thought regarding morality. According to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action. However in Deontology, the end does not justify the means.
This can be identified as the main difference between the two concepts. This article attempts to highlight the differences between these two terms while explaining the two concepts. As a matter of fact, the term was first used by the philosophers John Stuart Mill and Jeremy Bentham.
It is interesting to note that according to utilitarianism, utility is all about the result of an action. Hence, the followers of utilitarianism school of morality give more value to the outcome of an action.
Thus, consequentiality becomes very important in this school of thought. Healthcare follows the utilitarianism principles to a great extent. There is a belief that the philosopher thinks and implements ideas that are more selfish in the utilitarianism school of thought.
Another important characteristic in Utilitarianism is that it does not pay special attention to codes of conduct.
The stress is laid on the end that the means, of getting there, becomes only secondary. In such a context, the attention paid to the manner in which a goal is achieved is insignificant. This is why one can comment that Utilitarianism does not stress on the code of conduct.
However, when paying attention to Deontology it is different in comparison to Utilitarianism. John Stuart Mill What is Deontology? Deontology is exactly the opposite of utilitarianism when it comes to the explanations of its concepts. Another important difference between the two schools of thought regarding ethical behavior is that, utilitarianism is more consequence-oriented in character.
On the other hand, deontology is not consequence-oriented in nature. It is totally dependent on scriptures. Thus, it can be understood that deontology follows scriptures that show sufficient light on the rules of conduct or moral rules and intuition.
It is important to know that deontology insists the ethical importance of both the action and the consequence. One of the finest principles included in the school of thought of deontology is that, every action should be characterized by morality. It is the morality of an action that can determine the morality of its outcome.
Deontology says that if the action is not moral in character or nature then the outcome too cannot be moral or ethical. This is one of the important principles laid down by the ethical school of thought called deontology. Deontology takes the universally accepted codes of conduct into account.
On the other hand, utilitarianism does not take universally accepted codes of conduct into account. These are the important differences between the two schools of thought regarding morality, namely, Utilitarianism and Deontology.Utilitarianism vs Deontology Though people tend to consider the two terms Utilitarianism and Deontology as similar, there are certain differences between the two terms.
These are associated with morality. The weakness of the deontology approach is the difficulty in gauging the outcome which may be harmful too, but when compared to utilitarianism, it gives a much more possibility of larger good because the process can be harmful treating individuals separately to meet similar outcome.
This is unacceptable in deontology because it starts with the. Utilitarianism vs Deontology. Morality has it tha people will justify or not the end and the means.
Not only that it directs individuals to do what is right or wrong; moreover, it makes them do what is in the best of their conscience.
Utilitarianism is an ethical philosophy stating that aggregate welfare or “good” should be maximized and that suffering or “bad” should be minimized.
It is usually contrasted with deontological philosophy, which states that there are inviolable moral rules that do not change depending on the situation (Greene, b).
Utilitarianism argues that which is good or moral can be determined by what brings the greatest good to the greatest number of people. In other words, if the good outweighs the bad, then an action is justified, even moral and good (in short, “the end justifies the means”).
We study how people reconcile conflicting moral intuitions by juxtaposing two versions of classic moral problems: the trolley problem and the footbridge problem. When viewed separately, most people favor action in the former and disapprove of action in the latter, despite identical consequences.
The difference is often explained in terms of the intention principle—whether the consequences.