Steps in the literature review process

Organize the literature review into sections that present themes or identify trends, including relevant theory. You are not trying to list all the material published, but to synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept of your thesis or research question. What is a literature review?

Steps in the literature review process

Posted in Discover the Future of Research on Jul 2, 3: I have found it helpful to be as systematic as possible when completing this gargantuan task. Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research.

Make sure that you only get articles and books in those areas, even if you come across fascinating books in other areas. A literature review I am currently working on, for example, explores barriers to higher education for undocumented students. Search for the literature: Conduct a comprehensive bibliographic search of books and articles in your area.

Find books in the library that are relevant and check them out. Set a specific time frame for how long you will search. It should not take more than two or three dedicated sessions.

For help with systematic reviews

Find relevant excerpts in your books and articles: Skim the contents of each book and article and look specifically for these five things: Claims, conclusions, and findings about the constructs you are investigating 2.

Definitions of terms 3. Calls for follow-up studies relevant to your project 4. Gaps you notice in the literature 5. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document.

Make sure to note the name of the author and the page number following each excerpt. Do this for each article and book that you have in your stack of literature. When you are done, print out your excerpts.

Steps in the literature review process

Get out a pair of scissors and cut each excerpt out. Now, sort the pieces of paper into similar topics. Figure out what the main themes are. Place each excerpt into a themed pile. Make sure each note goes into a pile.

When you finish, place each stack of notes into an envelope labeled with the name of the theme. Create Your Conceptual Schema: Type, in large font, the name of each of your coded themes.

Print this out, and cut the titles into individual slips of paper. Take the slips of paper to a table or large workspace and figure out the best way to organize them.

About this guide to conducting systematic reviews

Are there ideas that go together or that are in dialogue with each other? Are there ideas that contradict each other? Move around the slips of paper until you come up with a way of organizing the codes that makes sense. Write the conceptual schema down before you forget or someone cleans up your slips of paper.

Begin to Write Your Literature Review: Choose any section of your conceptual schema to begin with. You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order. Find the envelope with the excerpts in them and lay them on the table in front of you.

Figure out a mini-conceptual schema based on that theme by grouping together those excerpts that say the same thing. Use that mini-conceptual schema to write up your literature review based on the excerpts that you have in front of you.

Repeat this for each section of your literature review.Oct 01,  · Once you complete these six steps, you will have a complete draft of your literature review. The great thing about this process is that it breaks down into manageable steps something that seems enormous: writing a literature review.

Below is a summary of the steps they outline as well as a step-by-step method for writing a literature review. Step One: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research.

From daunting to doable in six steps The process of literature search and composing a formal literature review can be intimidating. But masters and doctoral candidates in Education and related fields have found academic argumentation to be seamlessly intuitive with the six-step process .

Conducting a literature review involves using research databases to identify materials that cover or are related in some sense to the research topic. Buy essay online at professional essay writing service.

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Steps in the literature review process

Lowest prices, first-rate place and eagerness to work on any type, topic, page count or level of assignment you want. The Literature Review Process 1. The Literature Review Process Annie Downey 2.

Purpose of the Literature Review“A substantive, thorough, sophisticated literature review is a precondition for doing substantive, thorough, sophisticated research.”.

Steps in the Research Process - University of Houston