Who were the Pilgrims? The people we know as Pilgrims have become so surrounded by legend that we are tempted to forget that they were real people.
As a new nation, the United States of America thrived. Bythe population had grown to nearly 10 million people. The quality of life for ordinary people was improving.
People were moving west, creating towns along the route of the Transcontinental Railroad, which connected the entire country by rail, east to west, for the first time. The prosperous young country lured Europeans who were struggling with population growth, land redistribution, and industrialization, which had changed the traditional way of life for peasants.
These people wanted to escape poverty and hardship in their home countries. More than 8 million would come to the United States from to Department of Homeland Security. As slaves, they were not considered citizens.
Large farms and plantations depended on the free labor they provided in fields and homes. It was difficult, backbreaking work. Inthe United States government banned the importation of enslaved people into the country, although the practice did continue illegally.
Slavery, however, was not abolished for nearly 60 more years. Inseven out of 10 foreign-born people in the United States were Irish or German.
Most of the Irish were coming from poor circumstances. With little money to travel any further, they stayed in the cities where they arrived, such as Boston and New York City. More than 2, Irish arrived between and The Germans who came during the time period were often better off than the Irish were.
They had enough money to journey to the Midwestern cities, such as Chicago, Cincinnati, and St. Louis, or to claim farmland. More than 2, Germans arrived between and A potato fungus, also called blight, ruined the potato crop for several years in a row. Potatoes were a central part of the Irish diet, so hundreds of thousands of people now didn't have enough to eat.
At the same time of the famine, diseases, such as cholera, were spreading. Starvation and disease killed more than a million people. These extreme conditions caused mass immigration of Irish people to the United States.
Between andmore than a million Irish are estimated to have arrived in America. The men found jobs building railroads, digging canals, and working in factories; they also became policemen and firemen. Irish women often worked as domestic servants. Even after the famine ended, Irish people continued to come to America in search of a better life.The great North American school of magic was founded in the seventeenth century.
It stands at the highest peak of Mount Greylock, where it is concealed from non-magic gaze by a variety of powerful enchantments, which sometimes manifest in a wreath of misty cloud. The Mayflower was an English ship that transported the first English Puritans, known today as the Pilgrims, from Plymouth, England, to the New World in There were passengers, and the crew is estimated to have been about 30, but the exact number is unknown.
The ship has become a cultural icon in the history of the United States. Roger Williams: Roger Williams, English colonist in New England, founder of the colony of Rhode Island and pioneer of religious liberty. The son of a merchant tailor, he was a protégé of the jurist Sir Edward Coke and was educated at Cambridge.
In he left his post as chaplain to Sir William Masham, which had. The Great Puritan Migration was a period in the 17th century during which English puritans migrated to New England, the Chesapeake and the West Indies..
English migration to Massachusetts consisted of a few hundred pilgrims who went to Plymouth Colony in the s and between 13, and 21, emigrants who went to the Massachusetts Bay Colony between and The name Independent Fundamental Baptist Church is used traditionally by churches which pattern themselves strictly after the example of the early church as found in the New Testament.
Thanksgiving is a particularly American holiday. The word evokes images of football, family reunions, roasted turkey with stuffing, pumpkin pie and, of course, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag, the acknowledged founders of the feast.