Each state elects two senators for six-year terms. Capitol, the meeting place of Congress, Washington, D. Thus, each state, regardless of size or population, is equally represented.
Democratic Elections to the United States Senate were held November 4, with 35 of the seats in the Senate being contested. Thirty-three seats were up for regular elections; the winners were eligible to serve six-year terms from January 3, to January 3,as members of Class 2.
There were also two special electionsthe winners of those seats would finish the terms that ended January 3, The presidential election which was won by Democrat Barack Obamaelections for all House of Representatives seatsand several gubernatorial electionsas well as many state and local elections, occurred on the same date.
Going into these elections, the Senate consisted of 49 Democrats49 Republicansand two Independents who caucused with the Democrats, giving the Democratic caucus the slightest majority.
The Republicans, who openly conceded early on that they wouldn't be able to regain the majority in  lost eight seats. This election was the second cycle in a row in which no seats switched from Democratic to Republican. In addition, this was the largest Democratic Senate gain sincewhen they also won eight seats.
These elections marked the first time since in which a Democratic presidential candidate won the White House with Senate coattails. Finally, was the first presidential election year since in which Senate Class 2 saw net gains for the winning presidential candidate's party.
When the new senators were first sworn in, the balance was 58—41 in favor of the Democrats, because of the unresolved Senate election in Minnesota.
Republicans gained a seat in a January special election in Massachusettsmaking the balance before the start of the next election cycle.On Equal Footing: The Constitution, the Senate, and the Expanding United States Learn about Senate Art & History Explore the Senate's collection of paintings, sculpture, graphic art, and decorative art representing the history .
The nomination is referred to the United States Senate, where the Senate Judiciary Committee holds a hearing where the nominee provides testimony and responds to questions from members of the panel. Traditionally, the Committee refers the nomination to the full Senate for consideration.
The power of the Executive Branch is vested in the President of the United States, who also acts as head of state and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.
The President is responsible for. The U.S.
Senate proposes and considers new laws, approves or rejects presidential nominations, provides advice and consent on international treaties, and serves as the high court for impeachment trials.
Although the U.S. House of Representatives also works on new legislation, only the Senate. About Congress Through legislative debate and compromise, the U.S.
Congress makes laws that influence our daily lives. It holds hearings to inform the legislative process, conducts investigations to oversee the executive branch, and serves as the voice of the people and the states in the federal government. The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprises the legislature of the United States..
The composition and powers of the Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution. The Senate is composed of senators, each of whom represents a single state in its.