A critical review of a journal article evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of an article's ideas and content. It provides description, analysis and interpretation that allow readers to assess the article's value.
You are expected to read the article carefully, analyse it, and evaluate the quality and originality of the research, as well as its relevance and presentation. Its strengths and weaknesses are assessed, followed by its overall value.
Do not be confused by the term critique: You should address both the positive and negative aspects. If not, the following steps may help you. These steps are based on a detailed description of how to analyse and evaluate a research article provided by Wood in her lab guide.
This guide is divided into two parts. The second part, "Writing your Critique," discusses two possible ways to structure your critique paper.
Researching the Critique The questions listed under many of the subheadings in this section may provide you with a good place to begin understanding what you are looking for and what form your critique might take.
Review articles summarize and evaluate current studies research articles on a particular topic. Select a review article on a topic that interests you and that is written clearly so you can understand it. Select a Research Article Use the review article to select a research article.
This can be very useful in writing your critique. Analyse the Text Read the article s carefully. As you read the article s use the following questions to help you understand how and why the research was carried out.
What methods were used to accomplish this purpose systematic recording of observations, analysis and evaluation of published research, assessment of theory?
What were the techniques used? What kind of data can be obtained using each technique? How are such data interpreted? What kind of information is produced by using the technique?
What were the results of the study? How was each technique used to obtain each result? How did each result contribute to answering the question or testing the hypothesis raised in the introduction? How were the results interpreted? Were the author s able to answer the question test the hypothesis raised?
Source of questions in each section Wood, 4.
Establish the Research Context Once you are reasonably familiar with the article, it is important to gain an understanding of the research context, both societal and intellectual.
To establish the research context, questions such as the following should be addressed: Who conducted the research? When and where was the research conducted? Why did they do this research? Were many other laboratories pursuing related research when the reported work was done?
For experimental research, what funding sources met the costs of the research? On what prior observations was the research based? What was and was not known at the time? How important was the research question posed by the researcher?
For more detailed information on how to answer these questions, see Labs 4 and 5 Wood, Evaluate the Text After you have read the article and answered the questions in the previous section, you should have a good understanding of the research undertaken.
The following checklist may assist you: What was the objective of the study?A critical analysis in literature, for example, might examine the style, tone, or rhetorical appeals of a text, while an analysis of a scientific paper might examine the methodology, accuracy, and relevance of the research.
A critical review is much more than a simple summary; it is an analysis and evaluation of a book, article, or other medium. Writing a good critical review requires that you understand the material, and that you know how to analyze and evaluate that .
Writing Centre Critical Analysis Template In a critical analysis essay, you systematically evaluate a work’s effectiveness including what it does well and what it does poorly. It can be used to discuss a book, article or even a film.
You must read the piece carefully The research was maincharacter The pointsare. A critical review of a journal article evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of an article's ideas and content.
It provides description, analysis and interpretation that allow readers to assess the article's value. An Article Review is a critical, constructive evaluation of literature in a particular field through summary, classification, analysis, and comparison.
If it is a scientific review article, it uses database searches to portray the research. Writing an outline (and following it) is crucial to remain focused on your argument and avoid summary or irrelevant description.
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